The US-Africa summit seen from Washington, Morocco and the Democratic Republic of Congo

Each day, the correspondent club describes how the same current event is illustrated in three countries.

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US President Joe Biden is leading a US-Africa summit in Washington until Thursday 15 December. “When Africa succeeds, the United States succeeds, the whole world succeeds”, he said on Wednesday, December 14. All countries of the African Union are invited, but some are not represented.

The White House has already pledged $55 billion over three years for the entire continent, intended for the areas of health and the fight against global warming. The US also wants to regain a foothold in Africa, in the face of Russia and China, which are expanding their influence on the continent. As a sign of goodwill, the White House has already announced the appointment of a special representative for relations with the continent.

In Morocco, ties with the United States are being strengthened thanks to Washington’s recognition of Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara. But these connections are not new: in 1777, the Cherifian Kingdom was the first country to recognize American independence. Ten years later, the two countries signed a friendship agreement that is still in force today. Since then, Donald Trump has negotiated, within the framework of the Abraham Accords, for Morocco to reconnect with Israel in exchange for US recognition of Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara. Despite everything, France remains a privileged partner for Morocco.

Among the heads of state present is Félix Tshisekedi, the president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The country has been a privileged partner of the United States since the Cold War. Proof of this is that during an African tour in August, Foreign Minister Antony Blinken stopped in Kinshasa and said he was concerned about the insecurity prevailing in the eastern part of the country. Because the territory of the DRC is rich in resources and especially in coltan, which today is necessary for the manufacture of our electronic items. A market that arouses many desires, and the Americans do not want these resources to fall into Eastern hands.

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